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Intelligence:

A Measure of Human Capital in Nations (July 2010)
Sorted by Human Capital


Gerhard Meisenberg, Ross University School of Medicine
Richard Lynn, University of Ulster, Coleraine

Abstract
We estimate the validity of the national IQs presented by Lynn and Vanhanen (2002, 2006) by examining whether they are consistent with the educational attainment of school students in math, science and reading comprehension in 108 countries and provinces. The educational attainment scores in a number of studies are integrated to give EAs (educational attainments) for 86 countries and provinces that have measured IQs. The correlation of EA with measured IQ (N = 86 countries) is .917, and with measured + estimated IQ (N = 108 countries) is .907. Corrected for attenuation, r = 1.0. The quality of the data is evaluated, and the discrepancy between IQ and EA was greater for countries with low data quality, especially low quality of the EA data. There are no major anomalies in the relationship between IQ and EA in individual world regions. To some extent IQ and EA predict each other even within world regions. These results show that national IQs have a high degree of validity.

Article from the journal Intelligence, Volume 36, Number 4, pg 447, Winter 2011
Download a PDF of the entire article here.

Appendix: National IQs calculated and validated for 108 nations (Sorted by Human Capital)

Measures of human capital by country:

SchAch, school achievement on the 500/100 scale.

SA absolute, SchAch scaled to a mean of 100 and within-country standard deviation of 15 for the United Kingdom, assuming a within-country standard deviation of 90 for SchAch.

SA relative, SchAch scaled to the IQ metric by equalizing mean and standard deviation with IQ.

SAq and IQq, quality of data for school achievement and IQ.

Human capital is weighted average of SA relative and IQ. Estimates are in parentheses.



Measures of Human Capital by Country

Table Sorted Alphabetically
Table Sorted by Human Capital
Table Sorted by IQ

SchAch SA
absolute
SA
relative
SAq IQ IQq Human
Capital
 
Singapore 584.4 110.4 106.2 10 108.5 5 106.9
China 605.6 113.9 108.7 2 105.5 16 105.9
Hong Kong 559.3 106.2 103.1 14 108.0 16 105.7
S. Korea 567.4 107.6 104.1 16 106.0 9 104.8
Taiwan 566.1 107.4 104.0 10 105.0 18 104.6
Japan 558.7 106.1 103.1 16 105.0 20 104.1
Finland 555.6 105.6 102.7 10 97.0 5 100.8
Canada 538.0 102.7 100.6 16 100.0 6 100.4
Liechtenstein 536.1 102.4 100.4 8 100.4
Netherlands 539.2 102.9 100.7 12 100.0 10 100.4
Mongolia 100.0 6 100.0
Macau 532.5 101.8 99.9 6 99.9
England 523.6 100.3 98.9 8 101.0 7 99.9
Estonia 539.0 102.8 100.7 6 99.0 7 99.8
New Zealand 528.5 101.1 99.4 14 99.0 11 99.3
Australia 532.5 101.8 99.9 16 98.0 10 99.2
Belgium 526.9 100.8 99.3 14 99.0 7 99.2
Switzerland 515.8 99.0 97.9 10 101.0 6 99.1
United K. 521.9 100.0 98.7 14 100.0 7 99.1
Austria 521.0 99.9 98.5 10 99.5 4 98.8
Czech Rep. 526.8 100.8 99.2 14 98.0 7 98.8
Germany 516.1 99.0 98.0 10 99.0 16 98.6
Sweden 519.9 99.7 98.4 14 99.0 8 98.6
Iceland 511.2 98.2 97.4 10 101.0 4 98.4
Hungary 525.2 100.6 99.0 16 96.5 8 98.2
France 516.1 99.0 98.0 10 98.0 9 98.0
Slovakia 514.4 98.8 97.8 12 98.0 4 97.8
Slovenia 524.2 100.4 98.9 12 96.0 7 97.8
USA 512.4 98.4 97.5 16 98.0 11 97.7
Croatia 489.5 94.6 94.8 4 99.0 7 97.5
Denmark 508.5 97.8 97.0 10 98.0 5 97.4
Norway 505.0 97.2 96.6 14 100.0 2 97.0
Scotland 500.7 96.5 96.1 6 97.0 7 96.6
Russia 503.9 97.0 96.5 16 96.5 6 96.5
Spain 499.5 96.3 96.0 14 97.0 8 96.3
N. Ireland 96.3
Latvia 500.3 96.4 96.1 14 96.1
Poland 514.9 98.8 97.8 8 95.0 13 96.1
Italy 492.3 95.1 95.1 16 97.0 13 95.9
Ireland 523.2 100.2 98.8 10 92.5 10 95.7
Luxembourg 494.0 95.4 95.3 8 95.3
Malta 477.7 92.6 93.3 2 97.0 2 95.2
Lithuania 497.0 95.8 95.7 12 92.0 5 94.6
Portugal 487.0 94.2 94.5 10 94.5 6 94.5
Israel 480.8 93.2 93.7 12 95.0 14 94.4
Ukraine 480.0 93.0 93.6 2 95.0 2 94.3
Vietnam 94.0 3 94.0
Armenia 487.7 94.3 94.5 4 92.0 3 93.5
Bosnia 464.6 90.4 91.8 2 94.0 4 93.3
Bulgaria 480.4 93.1 93.7 12 92.5 6 93.3
Greece 484.7 93.8 94.2 10 92.0 10 93.1
Moldova 470.8 91.5 92.5 4 92.5
Argentina 400.6 79.8 84.1 4 96.0 9 92.3
Tibet 92.0 2 92.0
Malaysia 499.6 96.3 96.0 6 88.5 7 92.0
Cyprus 462.8 90.2 91.5 8 91.5
Romania 455.6 89.0 90.7 12 91.0 6 90.8
Uruguay 442.2 86.7 89.1 6 96.0 2 90.8
Macedonia 453.7 88.6 90.5 4 90.5
Serbia & M. 457.0 89.2 90.8 10 88.5 2 90.5
Thailand 459.0 89.5 91.1 12 88.0 6 90.1
Bermuda 90.0 4 90.0
Chile 431.4 84.9 87.8 8 91.0 9 89.5
Costa Rica 444.9 87.2 89.4 1 86.0 89.4
Turkey 446.2 87.4 89.5 10 88.5 8 89.1
Cook Islands 89.0 2 89.0
Laos 89.0 2 89.0
Suriname 89.0 4 89.0
W. Samoa 88.0 5 88.0
Mexico 428.9 84.5 87.5 8 88.0 8 87.7
Bolivia 87.0 6 87.0
Iraq 87.0 6 87.0
Neth. Antilles 87.0 2 87.0
Un. Arab Em. 472.6 91.8 92.7 4 83.0 6 86.9
Cuba 500.1 96.4 96.0 1 85.0 5 86.8
Jordan 438.6 86.1 88.6 10 84.0 7 86.7
Trinidad & T. 422.9 83.5 86.7 2 86.7
Mauritius 388.1 77.7 82.6 3 89.0 5 86.6
Georgia 420.5 83.1 86.5 2 86.5
Ecuador 349.8 71.3 78.0 1 88.0 5 86.3
Brazil 403.4 80.2 84.4 8 87.0 13 86.0
Tonga 86.0 2 86.0
Indonesia 408.9 81.2 85.1 12 87.0 8 85.8
Montenegro 415.0 82.2 85.8 4 85.8
Bahrain 432.0 85.0 87.8 4 81.0 2 85.6
Iran 433.3 85.2 88.0 8 83.5 9 85.6
Kuwait 387.8 77.7 82.5 4 86.5 9 85.3
Fiji 85.0 3 85.0
New Caledonia 85.0 2 85.0
Papua NG 486.6 94.1 94.4 1 82.5 4 84.9
Tunisia 409.1 81.2 85.1 12 84.0 2 84.9
Azerbaijan 406.6 80.8 84.8 4 84.8
Kazakhstan 406.3 80.7 84.7 2 84.7
Lebanon 425.8 84.0 87.1 4 82.0 4 84.6
Libya 84.6 8 84.6
Palestine 394.0 78.7 83.3 4 86.0 4 84.6
Philippines 371.0 74.9 80.5 4 90.0 3 84.6
Oman 402.1 80.0 84.2 2 84.5 7 84.4
Peru 370.7 74.8 80.5 2 85.0 9 84.2
Marshall Isl. 84.0 3 84.0
Pakistan 84.0 4 84.0
Colombia 395.5 78.9 83.5 8 83.5 7 83.5
Puerto Rico 83.5 8 83.5
Paraguay 357.0 72.51 78.8 1 84.0 6 83.3
Venezuela 357.3 72.6 78.9 1 84.0 6 83.3
Albania 390.7 78.1 82.9 2 82.9
Algeria 389.9 78.0 82.8 2 82.8
Egypt 407.0 80.8 84.8 4 81.0 5 82.7
India 434.1 85.4 88.1 2 82.0 19 82.6
Morocco 367.6 74.3 80.1 6 84.0 9 82.4
Seychelles 384.7 77.1 82.2 2 82.2
Syria 410.9 81.5 85.3 2 80.5 7 81.6
Bangladesh 81.0 4 81.0
Honduras 81.0 6 81.0
Maldives 81.0
Mariana Isl. 81.0 2 81.0
Dominican R. 315.4 65.6 73.8 1 82.0 6 80.8
Panama 371.0 74.9 80.5 2 80.5
Swaziland 370.9 74.8 80.5 3 80.5
Yemen 239.2 52.9 64.7 1 83.0 6 80.4
Qatar 342.8 70.1 77.1 6 83.0 6 80.1
Barbados 80.0 2 80.0
Tajikistan 79.6
Saudi Arabia 369.0 74.5 80.3 4 79.0 6 79.5
Sri Lanka 79.0 2 79.0
El Salvador 357.7 72.6 78.9 2 78.9
Nicaragua 357.2 72.5 78.8 1 78.8
Guatemala 340.2 69.7 76.8 1 79.0 3 78.5
Madagascar 322.3 66.7 74.7 2 82.0 2 78.3
Nepal 78.0 4 78.0
Sudan 77.5 14 77.5
Botswana 369.7 74.6 80.4 4 72.15 2 77.2
Belize 339.0 69.5 76.7 1 76.7
Gabon 338.8 69.5 76.6 1 76.6
Rwanda 76.0 2 76.0
Eritrea 75.5 4 75.5
Burundi 325.7 67.3 75.1 1 75.1
Kenya 371.5 74.9 80.6 2 74.0 11 75.0
Kyrgyztan 320.4 66.4 74.4 4 74.4
Mauritania 74.1
Tanzania 358.7 72.8 79.0 2 72.5 8 73.8
Nigeria 348.8 71.1 77.8 4 71.0 6 73.7
Zimbabwe 324.1 67.0 74.9 4 71.5 4 73.2
Dominica 73.0 5 73.0
Zanzibar 308.1 64.4 73.0 2 73.0
Congo (B.) 288.0 61.0 70.5 1 73.0 7 72.7
Uganda 305.7 64.0 72.7 3 72.0 2 72.4
S. Africa 289.0 61.2 70.7 6 72.0 14 71.6
Zambia 240.9 53.2 64.9 3 75.0 5 71.2
Burkina Faso 292.2 61.7 71.0 1 71.0
Jamaica 71.0 12 71.0
St. Vincent 71.0 2 71.0
Comoros 288.3 61.1 70.6 1 70.6
Senegal 289.3 61.2 70.7 2 70.5 5 70.6
Ghana 293.1 61.9 71.1 4 70.0 6 70.5
Mozambique 322.9 66.8 74.7 3 64.0 2 70.4
Namibia 272.8 58.5 68.7 2 72.0 2 70.4
Mali 270.8 58.2 68.5 1 69.5 8 69.4
Togo 69.1
Lesotho 273.2 58.5 68.7 2 68.7
Cote d'Ivoire 230.9 51.5 63.7 1 71.0 2 68.6
Ethiopia 68.5 8 68.5
Cameroon 339.4 69.6 76.7 1 64.0 2 68.2
Congo (K.) 68.0 8 68.0
Benin 264.1 57.0 67.7 1 67.7
Chad 259.3 56.2 67.1 1 67.1
Guinea 66.5 6 66.5
Centr. Afr. R. 64.0 5 64.0
Sierra Leone 64.0 3 64.0
Gambia 62.0 4 62.0
St. Lucia 62.0 2 62.0
Malawi 232.1 51.7 63.8 3 60.0 3 61.9
Niger 209.2 47.9 61.1 1 61.2
Liberia (66.4)
Guinea-Bissao (66.5)
Angola (69.9)
Haiti (70.0)
Sao Tome & P. (70.0)
Somalia (71.8)
Equ. Guinea (72.3)
Djibouti (74.8)
Afghanistan (75.0)
Cape Verde (76.0)
Turkmenistan (79.6)
Uzbekistan (79.6)
Bahamas (84.0)
Micronesia (84.0)
Vanuatu (84.0)
Bhutan (84.2)
Solomon Isl. (84.9)
East Timor (85.4)
Guyana (86.0)
Myanmar (86.7)
Brunei (88.9)
Cambodia (92.0)
Belarus (95.1)
Andorra (97.2)